Britain granted independence to Uganda in 1962, and the first elections were held on 1 March 1961. Benedicto Kiwanuka of the Democratic Party became the first Chief Minister. Uganda became a republic the following year, maintaining its Commonwealth membership.
In succeeding years, supporters of a centralized state vied with those in favor of a loose federation and a strong role for tribally-based local kingdoms. Political maneuvering climaxed in February 1966, when Prime Minister Milton Obote suspended the constitution and assumed all government powers, removing the positions of president and vice president. In September 1967, a new constitution proclaimed Uganda a republic, gave the president even greater powers, and abolished the traditional kingdoms.
Uganda takes its name from the Buganda kingdom, which encompasses a large portion of the south of the country, including the capital Kampala. The people of Uganda were hunter-gatherers until 1,700 to 2,300 years ago, when Bantu-speaking populations migrated to the southern parts of the country.
The Queen's position vis-a-vis Uganda was entirely separate from her role in any other country. The Queen's title when she was head of state in independent Uganda was: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Uganda and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth. Her constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Uganda. The following Governors-General held office:
Uganda adopted a new constitution in 1963 which abolished the monarchy. Uganda became a republic within the Commonwealth. However, the new Ugandan state was deliberately not referred to as a republic, and the constituent native kingdoms (such as Buganda) continued in existence. Following the abolition of the monarchy by the proclamation of the State of Uganda on 9 October 1963, the Kabaka (King) of Uganda, Edward Mutesa II, became the first President of Uganda. The description "State" implied that the post-Commonwealth realm was not a republic but instead a "federation of tribal kingdoms". Uganda did not become a republic de jure until 1966 with Obote's conflict with President Edward Mutesa II.
Forty years have passed since Idi Amin, the violent dictator of Uganda, expelled the Asian community from the country ... Many Asian families had been settled in Uganda for more than 100 years and had made a home and a life there ... Both her parents were born and brought up in Uganda's capital city, Kampala, while she has spent her life in the UK.